Naturalistic Epiphenomenalism

[ I1 *=><!* I2 ]

§1: classification

§2: descriptive analysis

in contrast to classical or dualistic epiphenomenalism, naturalistic epiphenomenalism denies that there is an ontological component of the human individual; and, assumes instead that the I2 is generated by the brain. moreover, in contrast to the rest of the naturalistic stance, epiphenomenalists claim that the I2 (usually called a mind) can not have a causal effect on the I1. in third person verbiage: the physical can affect the mental but the mental cannot affect the physical.

like its dualistic cousin, naturalistic epiphenomenalism is an attempt to preserve determinism in the face of an apparently free will. allowing the I2 to have a causal impact on the I1 would violate the causal closure or the deterministic nature of the physical universe.